The history of the town situated around the meeting point of the rivers Ploučnice and Elbe goes back as far as the Neolithic era. A burial ground from the La Tene era was found in the town quarter of Podmokly that attests the existence of a large settlement with a specific culture, which was accordingly named the Podmokly Culture. The inhabitants of the town typically pursued long-distance trade on the Elbe, and the main development of water transport occurred in the 19th century. At that time, the town saw an overall economic boom (textile production and later machine engineering), which is partially attributable to the owners of the Děčín estate - the Thun family.
The village situated at the border of Bohemian Switzerland and the Lusatian Mountains consists of two parts - Old and New Doubice – which merged with the housing development consisting in a number of vernacular buildings. The northern part, Old Doubice, was established in the 15th century next to one of the oldest glassworks in the country (does not exist any longer).
The portal to the so-called “Rear” Saxon Switzerland and the starting point of hiking and cycling trails. Near the village there are three border crossings for pedestrians. Late 17th century church and cemetery, the oldest semi-timbered house of Saxon Switzerland from 1670, great number of examples of vernacular architecture.
The last Czech settlement on the right Elbe bank, unique in its architecture and landscaping with vantage points. It developed from a trading port and storage facility. It became a centre of tourism in the 19th century under the control of the Clary- Aldringen family. The place faces the danger of floods (last heavy floods occurred in 2010) and collapsing rocks.
The village a population of 700 is situated at the border between two protected landscape areas - the Elbe Sandstones PLA and the Bohemian Uplands PLA. The village includes the quarters of Stará Oleška and Nová Oleška (Old and New Oleška).
The village covers the elevation between the valleys of the rivers Kamenice and Suchá Kamenice. It was the seat of raftsmen and weavers and an enclave of the Česká Kamenice mansion (held by the Kinskýs) in the territory of the Bynovec estate (held by the Clary-Aldringens).